Advertising Illustrations and Artists’ Paintings6
Emotion Evoking Images8

What to include/exclude and how to guide the eye?

Power Areas Within a Picture12
Dividing a Picture into Sections - The Golden Section12
The Horizon14
Layout Tolerance Limits in Relation to the Horizon16
Approaching the Edges16
Bottom Right Corner Pulling Force18
A Picture’s Optical Centre Point18
Direction of Light20
When Coming, when Going20
Equilibrium and the Beginning of Motion - Corner Tensions22
Framing a Picture24
Areas of Observation and Tension26
Creating Depth of Distance within a Picture26
Moulding a Two-Dimensional Picture26
A) Scale within a Picture28
B) The Effect of Perspective28
C) The “Stepladder“ Effect30
D) The Effects of Colours and Light on Distance30
Colour Test32
The thickness of the Air Column32
An Outside Influence34
Lines, Motion and Rhythm - Lines and Dots – What are they?36
A Gap of Tension38
Using a Gap of Tension Within Albert Edelfelt’s Paintings39
Guiding the Viewer’s Eye 46
Familiar and Unfamiliar Sides to an Image48
Shape and Colour
A square - A Rectangle - A Triangle - A Circle - An Oval - A Polygon
Sensing Colours
Light to Colour - Visual Observation - Colouring - Spreading Colours
Perception of Colours
Red, Yellow, Blue, White, Black, Warning Colours
Pictorial Aids within Designs60
- Forces that Keep a Pattern Together61
- The Effect of a Square62
- Uniting Force of a Triangle63
- A Circle Confines64
- Angled Lines64
- Crosses and Radial Lines65
- Landscape S65
- Certainty in the Figure of "9"65
Examples of Circular Designs66-77
Revision Picture 1, the Sun Animal, 15 diagrams78
Revision Picture 2, “The Sunbeam and the Earth Sprite“79

Pictorial Aids & Anatomy

Sketching the Perspective82
Places of Details83
Trees and Forests89
A Pine Tree90
A Spruce99
Deciduous Trees104
Sky and Water116
Winter and Snow122

The Creation of an Image

Using a Photograph as an Aid136
A Black and White Picture138
A Pencil as a Tool138
Lines and Memory144
Considering the Shape of a Boat145
Working with Drawing Ink155
Hand-Printed Serigraphy (silk-screen printing)168

Watercolour and Porcelain Painting

Brushes and Basic Tools172
- Tube or Block Colours174
Watercolour Paper176
- Attaching the Paper for Painting176
Wet or Dry Surface178
Light on Dark180
Water and the White Colour180
Behaviour of Colours181
Planning the Working Stages182
A Three-Dimensional Tree182
From Background to Foreground184
From Light to Dark186
The Sky and Clouds190
Motion of the Water196
Still Water197
Using Masking199
Masking Large Areas200
The “Stepladder“ Effect on the Foreground202
- Working Procedures202
Treating a Colour Surface with Salt206
- Examples of Salt Marks207
Using a Pocketknife’s Blade208
A Portrait in One Sitting210
Complimentary and Base Colours216
Facial Shadows218
- Floral Designs221
- Character and Detail224
- Light on Dark226
Painting on Porcelain228
- Colours Intended for Firing230
- Basic Colours230
- Tile or Plate?232
- Choosing a Painting Method232

Examples of work

- Pine234
- Spruce235
- A cloud’s shadow and an area of light236
- Clouds240
- Plan and Realization243